Isami Kondo (1834–1868)
Kondo studied swordmanship and Tennen Rishin-ryu (a style of martial art), going on to be become the commander of the Shinsengumi despite being born a peasant. Having learned that the shogunate was recruiting members for a Roshigumi group (a group of samurai gathered under the pretext of protecting the shogun), Kondo put his name forward alongside the likes of Toshizou Hijikata and Soji Okita in order to become samurai. He subsequently became a member of the Shinsengumi with Kamo Serizawa and others, taking on the job of maintaining public order in Kyoto. His life ended at the age of 35 when he was captured by enemies.