Toshizou Hijikata

Toshizou Hijikata (1835–1869)

Born into an affluent farming family, Hijikata studied swordmanship and Tennen Rishin-ryu (a style of martial art) while dreaming of becoming a samurai. He would later become vice-commander of the Shinsengumi. Along with Isami Kondo, Hijikata applied to become a member of a Roshigumi group (a group of samurai gathered under the pretext of protecting the shogun) in order to become a samurai and would subsequently join the Shinsengumi. In the Shinsengumi, he was known as Oni no Fukucho (the Demon Vice Commander) due to the strict rules he created and his crackdown on discipline. He died at age 35 when shot in a battle in Hakodate, Hokkaido.